Understanding the problem
We all have moments where we struggle to speak fluently. We may add an occasional “Uh” or “You know” to finish off what we’re saying. Or, we may say a sound or word more than once. These are called disfluencies.
When children learn how to communicate, many will experience some forms of speech breaks during their development. Now as a parent, you can’t help but be concerned when you notice that your child has begun to stutter. When this begins, is there something you can do to help your child?
What is stuttering?
Stuttering is different from repeating words when your child is learning to speak. It’s a speech problem where the normal flow of speech is disrupted. A child who stutters repeats (li-li-like this) or prolongs sounds (lllllike this), syllables, or words.
This problem can make it difficult for your child to communicate with others, and at times there may be abnormal stoppages (no sound) of sounds and syllables.
According to the Harvard Medical School, in early childhood, stuttering is sometimes part of normal speech development and about five percent of all young children go through a brief period of it when they’re learning to talk. The speech problem is typically noticed between the ages of two and five. It usually goes away on its own within a matter of months. However, in a small number of children, around one percent, stuttering continues and may get worse; and boys are more likely to stutter than girls.
When children are learning a lot of words or new speech sounds, you may notice some of these typical disfluencies. This is normal.
The following types of disfluencies happen when a child stutters:
Along with these disfluencies, you may also notice other behaviours like head nodding or eye blinking while speaking. Children who stutter sometimes use these behaviours to stop or keep from stuttering.
Help at hand
There’s no cure for stuttering. If the problem continues into primary school it can become a problem, so it’s important to seek help. Contact a speech-language pathologist who specialises in stuttering. Early detection can help reduce the chances that your child will continue to stutter.
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Understanding what you want
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The personal information we collect
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k. The information we use will be your approximate location, based on the nearest mobile cell site. As a result, this will change as you move around with your mobile phone.
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Sharing your personal information
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vii. emergency services (if you make an emergency call), including your approximate location.
n. We will release information if it's reasonable for the purpose of protecting us against fraud, defending our rights or property, or to protect the interests of our customers.
o. If we are reorganised or sold to another organisation, we may transfer any personal information we hold about you to that organisation.
p. We will transfer your information to Mondia Media our service provider. Mondia Media servers are based outside South Africa in Germany where adequate data protection laws exist to protect the privacy and security of your information. We have also signed a contract with Mondia Media with data protection provisions to ensure the security and protection of the privacy of your information.
q. At your option, we may also share your information with partner organisations we've chosen carefully, so they can contact you about their products and services.
Keeping your personal information secure
r. We have specialised security teams who constantly review and improve our measures to protect your personal information from unauthorised access, accidental loss, disclosure or destruction.
s. If we have a contract with another organisation to provide us with services or a service on our behalf to process your personal information, we will make sure they have appropriate security measures and only process your information in the way we've authorised them to. These organisations will not be entitled to use your personal information for their own purposes. If necessary, our security teams will check them to make sure they meet the security requirements we have set.
t. Communications over the internet (such as emails) are not secure unless they have been encrypted. Your communications may go through a number of countries before being delivered – as this is the nature of the internet. We cannot accept responsibility for any unauthorised access or loss of personal information that's beyond our control.
How to opt-out
u. If you want to opt out of Mum & Baby notifications, alerts or messages, you may do so via the relevant prompts through the short code *117*6862# or by visiting https://mumandbaby.vodacom.co.za. You can choose to opt out of partner communications by sending an SMS with STOP to 30881.